The concept of the Park with the Perspective 60+, Cracow Swoszowice
The concept of the Development of Health Resort in Cracow Swoszowice in the functional and spatial scope. What is more, preparing design guidelines for the park with a prospect of 60+.
The park is bounded by the streets of Kąpielowa street from the north and Piłkarska street from the west, while from the east it is limited by the area of single-family residential buildings, whereas from the south – by the border of a meadow in the valley of the Krzywica stream. The scope of the study covers the general concept of developing a health resort park as a supplement to the therapeutic program by stimulating physical activity in the open air. The following assumptions were made in the study:
1. continuation of therapy in close contact with nature – is an effective way to support the mental and physical condition of older people, especially as a group at risk of declining physical condition, mental disorders, depression; introduction of places serving various forms of physical activity, such as walking routes, a nordic walking route, a recreation area,
2. important role of social activation of the elderly – designing zones enable social contacts. It is also important to diversify the forms of participation in the life of a health resort – both active (for instance through participation in physical activities) and passive, through observation from a distance; places intended for passive recreation forms and social meetings of residents – meeting and resting places surrounded by green spaces, also as elements for integration with the local community.
3. creating space that allows to use of various methods of therapy – hortitherapy, activation of the sensory sphere, artistic forms, for example: art elements, cultural events.
This study takes into account design guidelines – in particular design elements for older people referred to ‘age lenses’ (authorial concept of LAB 60+) supporting their functional competence and health resort treatment processes. The formulated guidelines take into account possibly the widest variety of dysfunctions of the elderly.
Functional and spatial division
Zone A – ‘Therapy Park’ – a therapeutic and rest zone. Within this zone, there are planned following elements:
the entrance square next to the health resort building, the therapeutic and the sensory garden, a stop for cyclists along the cycle paths. Their primary goal is to support therapy and to activate the elderly.
‘Age lenses’ for individual functions within zone A:
A1 Entrance square next to the health resort building
A2 Therapeutic garden
A3 Sensory garden
A4 Stop for cyclists at the bike path
2. Zone B – ‘Meeting park’- a social zone. The primary goal of zone B is to create a space for social integration, not only for patients, but also for the local community living in Swoszowice. Such activities are consistent with the contemporary tendency to include health facilities and public spaces.
‘Age lenses’ for individual functions within zone B:
B1 Meeting place
B2 A terrace at the ‘Parkowa’ restaurant
B3 A treehouse with the sensation garden
B4 Walking alley named ‘Lipowa’
3. Zone C – “Forest of Attraction” – zone of active resting. Within the zone, a program is planned for active forms of rest (the intensity is moderated), complementing the health resort therapy. Due to the natural conditions, the zone is divided into two parts, separated by Krzywica stream.
‘Age lenses’ for individual functions within zone C:
C1 Training meadow
C2. Fragment of the walking path
C3 Bridge with a shelter
C4 Nordic walking path
4. Zone D – “Sport Park” – a sport zone. The devices are planned in it mainly for active people, while the possibility of observing games and motor activities by people with physical limitations.
‘Age lenses’ for individual functions within zone D:
D1 Tennis courts
D2 Outdoor gym
D3 Pétanque pitch
D5 Changing room and toilet building
The project team:
– Agnieszka Labus, PhD Eng. Arch.
– Anna Szewczenko, PhD Eng. Arch.
– Iwona Benek, PhD Eng. Arch.
– Małgorzata Kampka, Eng. Arch.